Frederick Bligh Bond
archaeologist, and psychical researcher, Frederick Bligh Bond is most
remembered for his excavations of Glastonbury Abbey in southern England,
purportedly with the help of long-dead monks who had occupied the abbey.
In 1908, Bligh Bond, a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects
and a member of the Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History
Society, was appointed director of excavations at the abbey by the Church
of England. This was a non-paying, seasonal job, one which Bond, who
specialized in ecclesiastical architecture, took on as something of a
hobby while he continued his regular architectural practice in Bristol.
Bond, a great-grand nephew of Captain William Bligh of Bounty infamy, had
developed an interest in psychic matters well before taking on the
Glastonbury dig. He was a member of the Society for Psychical Research,
and it was through this organization that Bond befriended Capt. John Allen
Bartlett and began experimenting with automatic writing. Initially,
neither Bond nor Bartlett accepted the popular hypothesis that the
phenomenon is the result of discarnates controlling the nervous system of
the medium. They looked upon it as a tapping into some universal memory or
cosmic consciousness. However, because the communicators seemed to have
distinct personalities, Bond changed his mind and accepted the spirit
Anticipating his appointment as director of excavations, Bond wondered if
he might get some clues as to where to dig by means of automatic writing.
He and Bartlett made their first attempt on November 7, 1907. Bond would
place two fingers on the back of Bartlett’s hand, a method often employed
in automatic writing to add whatever psychic power a “sitter” might have
to that of the medium’s power. “Can you tell us anything about
Glastonbury,” Bond put the question to an unseen communicator, or, as he
apparently then understood it, to the universe. In clear, eloquent
English, the answer to Bond’s question came back:
“All knowledge is
eternal and is available to mental sympathy.”
After a short interval, the
following flowed from the pencil:
“I was not in sympathy with monks - I
cannot find a monk yet.”
Subsequent sittings during November resulted in a hodgepodge of
communication, some in English, some in Latin, some in monk Latin, a
combination of Old English and Latin. Some were signed, some were not.
Johannes Bryant emerged as the chief communicator, speaking in monk Latin,
but there was often a change of influence so that it was not always clear
as to the identity of the communicator. As a group, the communicators
referred to themselves as “The Watchers.”
The communications continued regularly over the next few months, sitting
number 27 taking place on March 17, 1908. Apparently, because it took the
excavators some time to catch up with the initial messages, they were less
frequent after that, sitting number 61 coming on December 9, 1912, nearly
five years later. Much of the information was very precise, some of it
accurate to the inch, but the overlapping construction resulted in
confusion at times. Exactly how much the “spirits” helped Bond in his
excavations is uncertain, since progress would have been made with more
orthodox excavations and there is no way to determine how much, if any,
Bond’s unorthodox methods varied from the orthodox.
For some 10 years, Bond had kept his mystical sources a secret from the
Church of England, sharing it only with a few friends, including Dr. Ralph
Adams Cram, a fellow architect who met Bond in 1912 and urged him to write
out the whole story for publication, and even offered to do it for him.
But Bond rejected the idea, as he believed that it would meet with
disfavour by the Church of England.
Bond was eventually persuaded to write a book, and The Gate of Remembrance
was published in 1918. As he anticipated, it invited contempt from the
Church and scorn from fellow professionals. His reputation was further
compromised after the publication of The Hill of Vision in 1919. That book
rehashed some of the material in his first book, but went on to include
automatic writing produced in sittings with several different mediums
concerning World War I and other matters not pertaining to Glastonbury
In early 1921, insult was added to injury when a co-director of
excavations was appointed by the excavation committee. Because Bond
refused to work with the new co-director, he was relieved of his duties in
April 1922. As his professional clients had been abandoning him since the
publication of his first book, Bond was, by this time, in dire financial
straits, a situation compounded by an earlier divorce and lengthy
litigation concerning custody of the couple’s daughter.
From 1921 to 1926, Bond edited, as a part-time endeavour, Psychic Science,
a quarterly publication of the College of Psychic Science. During the
1920s, Bond sat with Geraldine Cummins, who produced the “Cleophas”
scripts by automatic writing. As Bond felt he contributed to the scripts
by his presence, he sued for a share of the book’s revenue. The court
found against him.
In August of 1926, Bond left for the United Stated on a lecture tour under
the auspices of the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR).
Following the lecture tour, he was persuaded to remain in the U.S. and
work with Cram in his Boston architectural practice and to accept a
part-time position as educational director for the ASPR as well as editor
of the organization’s journal. In 1926, Bond became involved in the
investigation of the Boston medium, Mina S. Crandon, known as “Margery.”
Initially, Bond was convinced of the genuineness of Crandon’s mediumship
and strongly defended her against attacks by some researchers. Later,
after evidence indicated that the spirit thumbprint of “Walter,” Margery’s
deceased brother, was fraudulent, Bond condemned Crandon. Since he did not
clear his public condemnation of Crandon with the ASPR, he was dismissed
Sometime around 1932, Bond was ordained a priest of the Old Catholic
Church of America, an offshoot of the Episcopal Church. Exactly what his
priestly duties entailed is not clear, but it apparently did not satisfy
Bond, as he returned to England in January 1936. He died in 1945, living
his final years in rooming houses in North Wales, most of his time devoted
to doing oil sketches of various churches.
Bond died alone, apparently still believing in the imaginative function.
“Give it truth to feed upon and it will evolve truth,” he ended his first
book. “And through the door of truth may enter that which will guide us to
a wider knowledge.”
Visitors to the Glastonbury Abbey museum and gift shop today will find
only scant references to Bond, none of it mentioning his mystical sources.
Berger, Arthur S. and Joyce, The Encyclopedia of Parapsychology and
Psychical Research (New York: Paragon House, 1991).
Bond, Frederick Bligh, The Gates of Remembrance (Oxford: B. H.
Bond, Frederick Bligh, The Hill of Vision (London: Constable & Co.,
Kenawell, William W., The Quest at Glastonbury (New York: Garrett
Tietze, Thomas R., Margery (New York: Harper & Row, 1973).
Source: Michael E. Tymn, vice-president of The
Academy of Religion and Psychical Research.